Mudgee (an Aboriginal word meaning nest in the hills) is one of the longest-established viticultural regions in eastern Australia, alongside the Hunter Valley immediately to the east. This area of New South Wales has been home to enterprising, small-scale winemakers since the 1850s, and has begun to expand significantly in both scale and renown in the past 20 years. There are now around three dozen winery cellar doors offering wine tasting to tempt travellers from Sydney, around a four hour drive away. During September the region holds a large-scale wine and food festival. Known for richly flavored red wines from Cabernet Sauvignon and Shiraz and some equally rich white wines; Chardonnay and Sémillon are the dominant varieties, joined by increasing quantities of Viognier.