Portugal traditionally famous for its fortified wines Port and Madeira is now attracting attention for red wines that are grown and produced in the Douro Valley. Portuguese vineyards are remarkable because they haven’t changed for nearly 2000 years, the reason being the Douro is a protected UNESCO world site. The countries terroirs are not as diverse as France or Italy, but there is enough variety between landscapes and conditions for wine production. Overall, the wine regions in mainland Portugal exhibit Mediterranean-like climatic conditions, with warm dry summers and mild wet autumns-winters. There are many amazing, lesser known grapes in Portugal. Some of the wine grapes that this old-world region is best known for include: Port and Madeira.